Tamil Nadu

Gangaikonda Cholapuram- Heritage to world by Chola Kingdom

This temple Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple, a UNESCO World heritage, also popular as Gangaikonda Brihadishvara temple was built in 1023 AD by great son Rajendra Chola-I of great king Rajaraja -I .

He followed the same architecture and design of the temple as his father made in Thanjavur in 1010 AD.  The skill and techniques used in constructing are already I described in Thanjavur temple so not discussing the same again.

This temple though somewhat replica but does not have the same beauty of sculptures as was in his father’s temple.  It is said that for some reasons Thanjavur temple could not be consecrated so hurriedly his son constructed this temple and whose consecration took place after 42 years of construction.

The crowd at this temple was very less as compared to Thanjavur temple but it is kept very neat by ASI department.

Total time to visit this temple is not not less than two hours. Just 1.5 KM apart is the Chola palace where the king used to stay and coronation used to take place in Gangaikonda this temple. The palace is in complete ruins except that a few walls and starcases are visible. The bricks used in this temple was taken away by British in making a river dam nearby. Even today villagers take bricks from here to build their houses.

There are no hotels at this place to stay. You can take below itinerary.


Complete trip

Day 1 Stay at Thanjavur (Night stay) Visit Brihdeshwara temple, Maratha palace. Both are near to each other and 2 KM from Railway Junction station. 2 hours for Brihdeshwara temple and 1.5 hrs for Palace premises
Day 2 Take taxi 8 AM to go to Gangai Konda Cholapiram (65 KM) Visit the Gangaikonda Brihdeshwara temple and palace ruins and small museum adjacent. 2 hours
Move to Kumbakonam by same taxi (34 KM) Visit Airateshwara temple at Dharasuram, 6 KM from new bus stand 3 hours to see this UNESCO world heritage site
Day 3 Visit Kumbkonam temples 5-6 hours

If interested visit navgraha. (start at 5.30 AM and tour will end by 10.30 PM taking you to all nav grahas. Total distance covered is 280 KM.

You can mainly visit Kumbaleshwar temple, Sarangpani temple, Kashi Vishwanath temple, Mahamanam tank and Maths genius Ramajujam house. I think it is enough as there are 188 temples in Kumbkonam. All temples are similar type.

Except this temple, the old city of Gangaikonda Cholapuram has been completely destroyed- the empire which ruled India from Tungbhadra till south, Malaya, Srilank, Cambodia, Burma, Kalinga, Maldives, Andman Nicobar. Now it is desolate place-completely desolate.

Currently 4 daily rituals, Maha Shiv Ratri and some festiavlas even today are celebrated in this temple. Shivratri takes place in month of February-March.

Here are some beautiful photos we took.

Some great Hindu God’s sculptures

The refinement  and finishing of Thanjavur Brihdishwar temple was superior than this temple. The number of gopurams are also more in Thanjavur temple. The reason of construction of this temple was to celebrate the conquest of Kaling-Ganges region by Rajendra-I.

Made of bricks and was made later by Nayakas in 16th century

This was constructed later period by Nayakas. The steps lead to well

Main entrance of temple








We just planned to visit all three UNESCO World heritage temples, Mathemetician Ramanujam house and
The Airavatesvara temple, a UNESCO World Heritage at Darasuram, 6 KM from Kumbakonam railway station
Nayakas (shevappa Nayak) were actual builders of this palace. Though the palace is ordinary compared
The Brideshwar temple at Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu was constructed by Great Chola king Rajaraja-1 about
" Hardy stated that a 'single look' was enough to show they could only have

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